Reviews

Mechanism of Anti-Caries Action of Fluoride

How Dental Caries Develop It is normal for a wide range of bacteria to be present in the mouth and many are involved with forming biofilm (plaque) on the surfaces of teeth. However, some bacteria can establish levels that can lead to problems. When biofilm bacteria such as mutans streptococci metabolize fermentable carbohydrates (i.e. glucose, sucrose, fructose, or cooked starch), acids are generated as a by-product.1 These acids diffuse through the biofilm and into the…

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Adding Fluoride to Water Supplies

PUBLICATION Cheng KK, Chalmers I, Sheldon TA. BMJ. 2007;335(7622):699-702. REVIEWER Vinicius N Tavares, DDS, MPH & Adeyemi Jolaoso,BDS, MPH  ABSTRACT The article written by Cheng, Chalmers and Sheldon outlines issues for discussion that are useful when communities are considering policy related to water fluoridation in the United Kingdom. However, it is not useful for discussion of water fluoridation in the United States as it does not consider the substantial body of research conducted on water…

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